The land: Egypt
is located in the northeastern corner of Africa and covers an area
of 386,000 square miles. Only about 5% of the country is inhabited
along the banks of the Nile whose course stretches over 900 miles
from the Mediterranean in the North to the Sudan in the South. To
the West lies Libya and to the East are the desert plateau, Red Sea
and Sinai. Egypt's most fertile area is the Nile Delta. Cairo,
Egypt's capital, has 16 million inhabitants, and Alexandria, the
countryÕs second largest city, has a population of 5.5 million.
The people: In
2003, Egypt's population totalled. 70 million. About 90% of
Egyptians are concentrated in the fertile Nile Delta and live in 5%
of the country's territory - 44% in urban areas and most in some
4,000 villages. However, during the past few years, there has been
an urban migration. The Egyptians are outgoing, warm and have a
distinct sense of humor. They have respect and a liking for
foreigners, and a deep sense of tolerance for other races, religions
is located in the northeastern corner of Africa. Rectangular in
shape, it covers an area of 386,000 square miles. To the West lie
the Western Desert and Libya, and a desert plateau, Red Sea and
Sinai, borders the East. The Sudan is on Egypt's southern border and
to the North lies the Mediterranean. Only about 4 to 5 percent of
the vast country is inhabited along the banks of the Nile. Below
Cairo, the Nile fans out in two main branches - Rosetta on the West
and Damietta on the East. Egypt can be divided into the following
the plateau extending from the Nile Valley to the Red Sea, and The
Sinai which includes Mount Catherine, Egypt's highest mountain,
reaching 8,668 feet.
68 percent of the country's total territory. It extends from the
Nile Valley to the Libyan borders, and from the Mediterranean coast
to the Sudan.
The Nile Valley: Egypt's
main inhabited area. This fertile valley is a strip 7 to 9 miles
wide along the Nile and some 6,000 square miles in the Nile Delta.
The Nile's total length in Egypt is about 900 miles.
is Egypt's official language. However, most Egyptians understand and
speak English and French. In larger towns, the foreign visitors will
encounter no difficulty in communicating with the people.
and winter are the ideal seasons to visit Egypt when mild weather
prevails, temperatures vary between 60 and 80 Fahrenheit. Evenings
are cool. During April, an occasional hot sand wind blows which can
make sightseeing less enjoyable. The summer months are hot, 80 -
105; however, the air is dry and humidity low. In Alexandria, on the
Mediterranean, the months of December through February are rainy and
cold. October to April represents the best time, with water
temperatures of 60 to 70 F.
85 percent of the population of Egypt are Moslems. Most of the
balance, about 9 million, are Christian Orthodox who belong to the
Coptic Church. In most cities in Egypt, mosques and churches can be
found next to each other. There are also some synagogues since a
small Jewish community still lives in Egypt.
the 1952 revolution, Egypt's economy depended mainly on agriculture.
Since then, however, the country has developed its other natural
resources, and at present Egypt exports oil, finished textiles,
canned food, cars, and the Suez Canal is considered an important
source of revenue as an average of 70 ships cross it daily and pay
fees. .Tourism is a main part of the economy. In an effort to
increase its cultivable land, the country is using new irrigation
methods, and in parts of the desert new cities have been built.
high fertility of the soil in the Nile Valley enables Egypt to grow
many agricultural products, especially rice, vegetables, onion,
sugar cane and fruit. Furthermore, Egypt is one of the world's main
producers and exporters of long staple cotton.
in Egypt from primary school up till university is provided free to
all Egyptians. The education system is composed of four stages -
primary, preparatory, secondary, and university. Primary education
is mandatory and is extended to children between the ages of six and
basic unit of currency is the Egyptian pound divided into 100
piasters. Banknotes: 25, 50 (piasters), 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100
(Egyptian pounds). Silver coins: 5, 10, 20 piasters. Fluctuating
exchange rate stands now approximately at one U.S. $ = 3.45 Egyptian